Tạo Profile dùng chung cho Windows 7

Step One:

Create the Default Local User Profile
Ideally, start with a fresh installation. Create a new local administrator account called Student. Add all of your applications and updates. Configure your desktop icons, background, start menu, toolbars, browser homepage and preferences etc. Log off. Log on with the Student account and test everything you configured.
Reboot the computer.
Example of the desktop of my new default user profile:

Step Two:

Rename original default profile “OLD-default” . Rename newly created profile “default”
  • Logon with a different local Administrator account (Not the Student account).

  • Go to: C:\Users .

  • Go to: Organize > Folder and search options > View tab.

  • On the View tab: Select: Show hidden folders, files and drives.

  • Deselect: Hide protected Operating System Files.

  • Click: OK

Rename the hidden Default folder (not the Default User folder) to OLD-Default.
We are simply moving the original default profile folder out of the way so we can put our fully configured Student profile in it’s place.
Rename Student to Default.
We are renaming the fully configured Student profile folder so it will take the Default profile’s place..
The new fully configured Default profile is now in place.
This default profile needs to be edited for use by any user.
You can delete the OLD-Default profile folder.

Step Three:

Configure the Default Profile for Use by Any User
The newly created Default profile has many hardcoded references to our “Student” user. We will do a search and replace to remove those references and replace them with the Microsoft variable %username% .
Whenever a user logs on using this modified default profile, their name and user specific paths will automagically be substituted for the variable. This is the key to making our mandatory default user profile work properly for any user.
The user profile is really a database of user specific registry settings. We will use regedit to edit the default user profile.
Open the registry editor. Start > Run box > regedit .
File > Load Hive…
Navigate to the location of the new default profile and open the ntuser.dat file.
When the .dat file is loaded, it will prompt for a name.
Right click on TEMPORARY and Export the file to the desktop.
We will edit this file in Notepad.
Right click on the exported registry file and click edit.
Do a search and replace in Notepad.
Replace all instances of “student” with the variable %username%
Save the changes and close the file.
Double click the modified registry file on the desktop to re-enter the changed data into the registry.
Click Yes.
Unload the Temporary Hive.
We are done editing the default student profile. File > Unload Hive…

Step Four:

Copy the modified default profile to a network share.
Add a .V2 extension to the default profile folder name.
Go to My Computer on the desktop. Right click, Properties > Advanced system settings > Advanced tab > User Profiles > Settings button.
Select the Default Profile as shown below and click “Copy To”.
Copy the default profile to your preferred network location.
Alternately, you could copy the default profile to a flash drive or other local location and copy and paste the default profile folder manually to your network share.
Set Permitted to use to Everyone.
Rename the default profile folder as necessary and add .V2 extension to the folder name.
Rename the folder to anything you like but add the extension .V2 to the end of it.
In this example I renamed the “Student” profile folder to “default.V2”
In the example below, the following profile folders are on the file server in a shared folder:
  • default was created with an XP machine for XP users.

  • default.V2 is the Win 7 profile for Win 7 users.

  • Administrator has it’s own profile suitable for (XP) only.

  • There are backup copies of both types of default profiles.

Step Five:

Set default user profile to be a mandatory profile (read only)
Open the default.V2 folder and Rename ntuser.dat to ntuser.man .
This makes this modifed default user profile a “Mandatory Profile” which is “read only”.

Step Six:

Assign Your Users the Path to the Modified User Profile Location on Your Server
In this example, Windows Server 2003 R2 is being used. In Active Directory Users and Computers, (ADUC) right click on a user or users and click “properties”.
Enter the Profile path to the shared network location where you copied the modifed default user profile folder. In this example it is \\fileserver\profiles$\default .
Do NOT add the .V2 extension in the profile path.
If a user is using Windows 7 machine, it will automatically choose the default.V2 folder.
If a user is using an XP machine, it will use the standard default folder.
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